Analyse structurale et fonctionnelle du récepteur nucléaire orphelin NOR-1 et inactivation du gène chez la souris

Authors: Maltais, Annie
Advisor: Labelle, Yves
Abstract: NOR-1 is a member of the nuclear receptor superfamily which comprises a great diversity of transcription factors. The steroid, thyroid, retinoid, and vitamin D receptors represent some widely-know members of this superfamily. The nuclear receptors induce a vast number of biologic responses by the regulation of target genes. They are involved in the control of different cell functions like growth, differentiation, metabolism and apoptosis. They also play roles in tumorigenesis. NOR-1, NGFI-B and NURR1 form a subfamily of orphan nuclear receptors. They are associated to the central nervous system development and homeostasy. These proteins are coded by immediate-early genes which are rapidly induced by growth factors in different cell types. NOR-1 and NGFI-B have an important function in T-cell receptor (TCR)-mediated apoptosis. NOR-1, NGFI-B and NURR1 could be involved in neuroendocrine control at the level of the hypothalamic/pituitary/adrenal axis. A NURR1 knock-out mouse has been created and shows the essential role of this nuclear receptor in the development of mesencephalic dopamine neurons. The NGFI-B knock-out mouse shows no significant phenotype both at the level of thymocyte apoptosis and on the regulation of the adrenocortical function. The EWS and NOR-1 gene fusion was discovered in extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma bones tumors. This chromosom translocation is at the origin of a hybrid protein composed of the N-terminal of EWS fused to the full length nuclear receptor NOR-1. It is presumed that the EWS/NOR-1 fusion protein plays a central role in the tumoral process. Threes other NOR-1 fusion partners were discovered in extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcomas. TAF2N, TCF12 and TFG are fused to the nuclear receptor by a similar pattern. We have compared the NOR-1 and EWS/NOR-1 transcriptional activity in different chondrocyte cell lines. The AF2 domain of NOR-1 is essential for the transcriptional activity of the EWS/NOR-1 fusion protein. This result suggests that some NOR-1 specific co-activators participate to the tumorigenic process involved in the development of extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcomas development. In order to better understand the orphan nuclear receptor NOR-1, we have created a NOR-1 knock-out mouse. Analysis of this mouse indicate an absence of significant phenotype. These observations suggest functional redundancy between NGFI-B or NURR1 (or both) and NOR-1.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2006
Open Access Date: 12 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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