Étude de trois procédés de finition des surfaces du bois d'érable à sucre pour fins de vernissage

Authors: Moura, Luiz Fernando de
Advisor: Hernández, Roger
Abstract: The main objective of this research was to identify the best machining method to prepare sugar maple wood surfaces to varnishing. Conventional sanding, as well as the fixed-oblique-knife pressure-bar cutting and the peripheral helical-knife planing were studied. The possibility of complete or partial substitution of sanding by these other methods was then evaluated. The experiment was divided in four stages: the first three stages aimed to optimize each surfacing method in terms of wood surface quality, while the fourth stage was intended to compare these methods in terms of their aptitude for coating. The surface quality was evaluated based on roughness characteristics, wetting properties and cell damage. The best conditions found in the first three stages are described as follows: oblique cutting at 0.25-mm cutting depth, 25º rake angle, and 30º and 50º oblique angles; cross-grain helical planing at 0.50-mm cutting depth and feed speeds set to 14 and 17 knife marks per 25.4 mm of planed length; and sanding with aluminum oxide at 14 m/min of feed speed, and final grit sizes of 100 and 150. These conditions were tested in the fourth stage of the experiment, in which surfaces were coated with a polyurethane varnish. The quality of the coating films was then assessed by pull-off adhesion tests and by an accelerated aging treatment. Sanding and cross-grain helical planing produced surfaces with no visible defects and yielded the best pull-off adhesion before aging. However, these surfaces underwent a loss of adhesion during aging. On the other hand, the accelerated aging did not affect the adhesion in the oblique-knife pressure-bar cut surfaces. As a result, the pull-off adhesion measured after aging was similar for the three surfacing methods. However, the accelerated aging caused more coating deterioration in cross-grain helical-planed than in sanded samples. Results allow to conclude that oblique cutting and helical planing could reduce the need for sanding.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2006
Open Access Date: 12 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/18665
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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