Inhibition de la différenciation myogénique par un facteur soluble sécrété par des myoblastes dérivés de muscules squelettiques de sujets atteints de la dystrophie myotonique de type 1

Authors: Beaulieu, Daniel
Advisor: Puymirat, Jack
Abstract: Myotonic dystrophy (DM1), the most common form of inherited neuromuscular disease in adults, affects 1 in 8000 individuals worldwide. DM1 is an autosomal dominant muscular dystrophy with very variable symptom presentations. Adult onset DM1 is primarily characterized by myotonia, muscle wasting and weakness, but also affects a number of organs and tissues. One characteristic of the disease is the presence of a severe congenital form (CDM1), which differs from the adult form. CDM1 is characterized by a delay in the development of skeletal muscles. This form is associated with hypotonia, respiratory complications and mental retardation. DM1 is caused by the expansion of an unstable CTG trinucleotide repeat in the 3’untranslated region of the myotonic dystrophy protein kinase (DMPK) gene. To date, the mechanisms by which the DM1 mutation affects skeletal muscles development or regeneration are unknown. A previous study demonstrated that serum produced by mothers of children with congenital myotonic dystrophy inhibits myogenic differentiation. In this study, we hypothesized that CDM1 myoblasts secrete a soluble factor that blocks myogenic differentiation. We provide evidence that this soluble factor is produced by DM1 and CDM1 myoblasts which may be involved in their deficiency to fuse. The inhibitory effect is proportional to the length of the CTG repeat expansion. In addition, the delay in muscle differentiation is associated with a specific reduction in myogenin gene expression. We believe that the DM1 mutation triggers the expression of a soluble factor, which is able to block myogenic differentiation. The identification of this soluble factor is presently under investigation.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2006
Open Access Date: 12 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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