Potentiel d'utilisation du bauxsol TM comme matériel réactif d'une barrière perméable pour contrôler le drainage minier acide
|Abstract:||Mining of sulphide ores can lead to the formation of acidic effluents. With the contact of air and water, the sulfide phase can be oxidized to produce sulfuric acid. This process is called acid mine drainage (AMD). These effluents are characterized by high concentrations of sulphate and metals, and a pH under 4. This project studies the use of permeable reactive barriers (PRB) to treat AMD. In a PRB, a reactive material is placed in the ground subsurface by excavating the aquifer material. The reactive material studied in these experiments was a pelletized form of alkaline residues from the aluminium extractive industry. The pellets, called BauxsolTM, were provided by Virotec International Inc. Results show that a PRB using BauxsolTM can treat acid mine effluents by removing heavy metals and increasing the pH. Metals are mainly trapped inside the pellets and the carbonates, that give the alkaline properties to BauxsolTM, are in a form that is slowly leachate. Therefore, a PRB using BauxsolTM present a feasible option using an industrial waste to treat another waste.|
|Document Type:||Mémoire de maîtrise|
|Open Access Date:||11 April 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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