El control del crecimiento urbano con la ayuda del catastro y del plan de ordenamiento del territorio : estudio del caso de Guanajuato, Mexico
|Authors:||Avila Rangel, José De Jesús|
|Advisor:||Roy, Francis; Chevallier, Jean-Jacques|
|Abstract:||In Mexico, the management of the development of the rural and urban space is under the responsibility of the municipalities. They must exert control of the use of the territories, public and private. Until now, the expansion of the urban use of the land had an irregular and incoherent characteristic, especially with the concerns of the possession of land as the municipality’s decisions in the matter of urban development. Normally, the urbanization process is a real-estate phenomenon that is regulated and oriented by the Mexican constitution (and its reforms), governmental norms, needs of the population and economical restrictions. Because of the reform of the ownership of the land in Mexico and some social phenomenon’s (as the growth of the population, housing necessity, capacity to mortgage), the real estate market has mainly developed in the periphery of the City of Guanajuato, which causes an urban occupation of the land not suited for that purpose. This situation, combined with a weak land registry of the new plots, gives origin to the informal property. The development plans and urban organization have become obsolete. The weak interaction between the land registry and the actions of territorial organization is one of the main problems caused by the irregular urban growth also causing weak land registry of the uses of the land. An informal and chaotic invasion of the lands not affected to urban uses creates a crisis in the way to offer basic services to the property (potable water, used water, streets, and electrical networks). Then it is necessary to analyze the urban growth of Guanajuato, with the purpose of understanding and identifying the different components that are involved in the territorial development. With this aim, a study has been made in a peripheral zone of the city, in order to show critical points of the problem and to clarify future proposals of investigation.|
|Document Type:||Mémoire de maîtrise|
|Open Access Date:||11 April 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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