L'apprentissage collaboratif, outil d'évaluation de la décision en aménagement forestier : L'étude du cas de la Table de concertation AC 043-20
|Advisor:||Bouthillier, Luc; Chevallier, Jean-Jacques|
|Abstract:||The public increasingly influences forestry policy in Québec. Today, in addition to the traditional decision-makers (forestry industry and governmental agency for resource management), other forest users are encouraged to participate in drafting of sustainable forest management (SFM) plans. Exchange of information during debates between participants nourishes their learning. Conversely, the roots of the debate arise from stakeholders’ knowledge and social skills. An assessment of collaborative learning can therefore throw light on the impacts of cooperation between groups. Mostly qualitative, our research combines the sociological, political and educational domains in a forestry context. Results come from an amalgamation of observations and measurements of the stakeholders’ perception during the participation process. The appraisal was performed with datas gathered from five collection tools (direct observations meetings of an advisory committee, questionnaires, evaluation forms of SFM workshops, semi-guided individual interviews and a literature review). Two focus groups were also used to validate analyses and to allow a return of results to the participants. Deliberation and collaboration strategies drive individual and collective changes. The formal expression of the SFM plan and the commitment to continual improvement process induce stakeholders’ satisfaction. Learnings partially improve fairness and the effectiveness of the decision making process. However, group members have an ambiguous perception about time while the participation process moves on to further stages. Also implementation of the plan involves some uncertainties for the participants. Moreover, the power linked to information, as the limits of representativeness of certain participants, creates relationships of differing influence between participants. Taking into consideration the dominance of the forest industry, integration of various participants’ expertise in forest planning represents an important challenge. In helping to clarify the frame of participative policies, this research offers a new indicator for monitoring cooperative decision-making. Although this research is a case of study, ten points are identified to facilitate collaborative decision making in forest management planning.|
|Document Type:||Thèse de doctorat|
|Open Access Date:||11 April 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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