Études de l'expression des protéines fragile X related 1 (FXR1P) durant le développement des vertébrés
|Advisor:||Khandjian, Edward William|
|Abstract:||Fragile X Mental Retardation Protein (FMRP) is part of a mRNA-binding proteins family that includes the Fragile X Related 1 and 2 proteins (FXR1P and FXR2P). These proteins share multiple functional domains typical of mRNA-binding domain (two KH domains and 1 RGG box) as well as a nuclear and a cytoplasmic localization domain. Whereas absence of FMRP is the cause of Fragile X Mental Retardation in human, it is not known whether FXR1P and FXR2P are associated to any pathology and whether these homologous proteins can compensate for the absence of FMRP in the case of the Fragile X syndrome. Knockout mice for FXR proteins are powerful tools that are commonly used in research to shed light on the functions of these proteins and point out their embryonic involvement. However, the Fxr1 knockout mouse didn’t proved to be a good model as the two mentioned above. In mammals, we have shown that FXR1 play a key role in muscle differentiation, since two of the six isoforms are muscle specific and are believed to be essential for the normal development of the cardiac and skeletal muscle. Although essential for embryonic development, it is nearly impossible to study the developmental implication of the differential expression of these tissues specific proteins in mammals due to the large number of FXR1P isoform. Simpler model such as drosophila melanogaster are being used, but this model have only one proteins (dFMRP) which is expressed ubiquitously in this organism and do not represent the tissue specific expression of some of the family member. We choose an intermediate model such as Xenopus laevis, which is an extensively used model for developmental studies, and proceeded with the inactivation of xFxr1. In Xenopus laevis, we found two different xFxr1 proteins isoform; one short isoform (84 KDa) is ubiquitously expressed in every tissues except in muscle, whereas the long isoform (88 KDa) is expressed only in cardiac and skeletal muscle. Specific inactivation of xFxr1 messengers during the early development gave us new insight on the specific functions of these proteins during the embryogenesis and primary myogenesis.|
|Document Type:||Thèse de doctorat|
|Open Access Date:||11 April 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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