Catalytic cracking of jet propellant-10 : for Pulse detonation engine applications

Authors: Galligan, Carrie
Advisor: Kaliaguine, S.Dubois, Charles
Abstract: The hydrocarbon jet-fuel, JP-10, is being studied as a possible propellant for the Pulse Detonation Engine (PDE) and other high-speed flight applications. Catalytic pre-cracking of JP-10 could provide a more easily detonated mixture of light olefin products. A mixture of mostly light hydrocarbons has the added benefit of being less prone to coking than a product mixture heavy in aromatics. This endothermic reaction also offers potential as a heat sink in high-speed flight applications where the extra weight of an onboard cooling system would hinder engine efficiency. Several heterogeneous catalytic cracking tests have been done using a Bench Top Tubular Reactor and the products were analyzed with GC/MS and GC. Two forms of nanocrystalline zeolites, nZSM-5(24h) and nZSM-5(6h), and three forms of silico-alumino-phosphates, SAPO-5A, SAPO-5B, and SAPO-11 successfully catalyzed the cracking of JP-10; however, SAPO-5 and nZSM-5(24h) have proven to be the most promising catalyts. Both catalysts converted over 90 % of JP-10 (∼ 3s residence time) into a mixture of hydrocarbon products consisting mainly of C4 and lower chain hydrocarbons (C3 to C1). nZSM-5(24h) demonstrated the lowest carbon mass ratio, CR (C5+:C4−), between 350 oC and 450 oC and the highest conversion rates above 500 oC. SAPO-5A & B demonstrated the highest conversion rates and the lowest CR between 400 oC and 500 oC.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2005
Open Access Date: 11 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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