Recherche d'une signature de phénomènes critiques et des effets dynamiques lors des collisions entre ions lourds aux énergies de Fermi

Authors: Moustabchir, Rachid
Advisor: Roy, René; Lautesse, Philippe
Abstract: Studies of multifragmentation in collisions of heavy ions in the Fermi energy domain has been intensified with the development of the techniques to extract the most violent collisions. In first part of this work, we studied central collisions of the Ni+Ni system at 32, 40, 52, 64, 74, 82 and 90A MeV, measured with the INDRA multidetector. We selected central collisions with the Discriminant Analysis Method. The confrontation of experimental data with SMM model shows that the mean shape of the source is elongated along the beam axis (" = 1:7) and makes it possible to extract the expansion energy of the source (0:75, 1:7 and 2:4A MeV at 32, 40 and 52A MeV respectively). We have shown that the fact that we have a source which is not completely equilibrated does not allow to conclude from the existence of a liquid-gas phase transition of nuclear matter using the heat capacities. The method of charge correlations shows an overproduction of events with equal size fragments at 52A MeV. The search for a signature of critical behaviors shows that, even if functions of scale gather in two families distinct, the law of scale is not verified in a rigorous way for the system at 52A MeV, which can be interpreted like a transition from an ordered phase at lower energies towards a disordered phase at higher energies. On the other hand, heavy ion collisions in the Fermi energy domain are known to be dominated by deep inelastic scattering, a process leading to the formation of two partners in the reaction exit channel. Recently, an increasing interest has been devoted to binary fission of fragments at the end of the deep inelastic scattering stage, with the related studies usually addressing the question of the statistical versus dynamical aspects of the fission process. In order to understand the origin of production of these fragments, projectile binary breakup has been investigated in Ni+C, Mg, Zn and Au. The fragment angular distributions exhibit an anisotropic pattern showing that breakup is aligned with the direction of scattered quasi-projectile (QP). The correlation functions of the two heaviest fragments have been studied as a function of charge asymmetry. They suggest that the QP decays while still in close proximity of the target. The correlation between the charge and velocity of the two heavy fragments shows that the binary breakup of the QP might originate from an important deformation of the projectile by the target.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2004
Open Access Date: 11 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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