La perception de la forêt mixte par les oiseaux forestiers : une analyse multi-échelle
|Advisor:||Darveau, Marcel; Desrochers, André|
|Abstract:||This thesis documents at different spatial scales relationships between mixedwood forest and forest birds. More precisely, its objective is to determine if these birds perceive mixedwood forest as a forest with a unique identity or whether as an ecotone, a contact zone between coniferous boreal and deciduous temperate forests. The first chapter presents a study realized at a regional scale which related bird distribution data from the Breeding Bird Atlases of Quebec and Ontario to land cover data from Landsat satellite imagery. This study modeled the relationship between the presence, within 1551 squares of 100 km2, of 71 forest bird species and the cover proportion of three forest types: coniferous, deciduous and mixedwood forests. The second chapter asks the same question at finer scales. It modeled the occurrence at 57 observation points of 32 bird species with the amount of forest cover (temperate mixedwood, coniferous dominant, and deciduous dominant) present within 50, 100, and 1000 m radius. The third chapter attempts to explain the occurrence of eight bird species in mixedwood forest by their use of trees. The results obtained in the first two chapters show that at many scales several bird species present more important relations with mixedwood forest than with coniferous and deciduous forests. The blackburnian warbler particularly distinguishes itself at multiple scales. The results obtained in chapter 3 indicate that the intrinsic need of coniferous and deciduous trees in equal proportion for singing and foraging activities is not the selection criteria that motivates the occurrence within mixedwood forest of the eight bird species studied at that scale. We conclude that certain bird species do perceive mixedwood forest as a forest that possesses its own characteristics and we point out the importance of considering the distinct nature of that forest in our conservation and management strategies.|
|Document Type:||Thèse de doctorat|
|Open Access Date:||11 April 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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