Analyse structurelle de l'hydrogène neutre dans la voie lactée

Authors: Khalil, André
Advisor: Joncas, Gilles; Nekka, Fahima
Abstract: Stars live and die by rejecting matter in the interstellar medium (ISM), where they were born. We have analyzed the neutral hydrogen component of the ISM. The data come from the Canadian portion of the International Galactic Plane Survey which aims the spectroscopic imaging of the neutral hydrogen from our Galaxy. We have used two mathematical image analysis tools: Metric Space Technique (MST) and the Wavelet Transform Modulus Maxima (WTMM) method. The MST is an image analysis mathematical formalism that allows one to quantitatively compare the complexity of the studied objects. We have improved the tool mathematically and technically before using it to characterize the complexity of 28 neutral hydrogen regions. After classifying the 28 objects, we have found some correlations between this ranking and the physical properties of the underlying objects, for example: (1) The complexity of the photodissociated neutral hydrogen regions increases with the flux of UV photons; and (2) the complexity of neutral hydrogen regions increases with the age of the supernovae remnants to which they are associated. The WTMM method is a multifractal formalism based on the wavelet transform. The results we obtain from this method concern the multifractal and anisotropic properties of neutral hydrogen in our Galaxy. Earth clouds exhibit multifractal properties. We have shown that the neutral hydrogen from our galactic disk is monofractal. By analyzing separately spiral arms and the inter-arm regions, we have discovered an anisotropic signature and that the horizontal structures and more complex than the vertical structures. This anisotropy is independent of scale for the inter-arms while it is depedent of scale for the spiral arms. The investigated hypotheses to obtain some physical explanations are: the scale-height gradient, the density wave, star formation activity, photo-levitation of dusty clouds, random motions of neutral hydrogen clouds, corrugation and turbulence.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2004
Open Access Date: 11 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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