Intrinsic and synaptic membrane properties of neurons in the thalamic reticular nucleus
|Authors:||Fuentealba Durand, Pablo José|
|Advisor:||Steriade, Mircea; Timofeev, Igor|
|Abstract:||The thalamic reticular nucleus (RE) is a key structure related to spindles, a hallmark bioelectrical oscillation during early stages of sleep. Multiple neuronal properties, both intrinsic and synaptic, are implicated in the generation, propagation, maintenance and termination of spindle waves. On the other hand, this rhythm constitutes a special state of network activity, which is generated within, and affects single-cell properties of the RE nucleus. This study is focused on these topics: how cellular and network properties are interrelated and interact to generate spindle waves in the pacemaking RE neurons and their targets, thalamocortical neurons. The present thesis provides new evidence showing the fundamental role played by the RE nucleus in the generation of spindle waves, due to chemical synapses established by its neurons. The propagation and synchronization of activity is modulated by electrical synapses between thalamic reticular neurons, but also by the secondary depolarizing component of cortically-evoked synaptic responses. Additionally, the general shaping and probably the termination of thalamic oscillations could be controlled to a great extent by RE neurons, which express an intrinsic conductance endowing them with membrane bistable behaviour. Finally, thalamic spindle oscillations are also able to modulate the membrane properties and activities of individual RE neurons.|
|Document Type:||Thèse de doctorat|
|Open Access Date:||11 April 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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