Floraisons de cyanobactéries au lac Saint-Augustin : dynamique à court terme et stratification
|Authors:||Bouchard Valentine, Martin|
|Advisor:||Vincent, Warwick F.|
|Abstract:||Traditionally lake studies use data obtained biweekly or monthly assuming a certain homogeneity of parameters in time. However several studies have showed that at daily scale major changes can occur. One of the main goal of this thesis was to evaluate short-term dynamics in a small lake with a high sampling frequency (twice a week) in combination with continuous data. Saint-Augustin lake, a eutrophic lake of 0,5 km2 and 3 m mean depth, has been chosen. Results show that the weather conditions 24h to 48h prior to the sampling date had great impact on the water column thermal stability that in turn affects several limnological parameters. A second aspect of the thesis was to understand the causes underlying the cyanobacterial blooms that occurred in summer 2002. Cyanobacterial blooms are one of the most striking symptoms of eutrophied lakes. Results show that weather conditions alter very quickly (24h) the thermal stability of the water column. It appears that mixing conditions immediately followed by thermal stratification are likely to be responsible for the summer 2002 blooms, and the absence of this chain of events in summer 2003 is linked with the absence of cyanobacterial bloom that year. This study stresses the importance in choosing the correct sampling strategies in order to take into account the short term dynamics and thus getting a better picture of the lake. It also shows that with global warming and enhancement of period of thermal stratification that is likely to follow, cyanobacterial blooms should be more frequent. This is particularly true for eutrophic lakes already sensitive to blooms. To limit the impact of global warming on lakes, a better control of eutrophication is needed.|
|Document Type:||Mémoire de maîtrise|
|Open Access Date:||11 April 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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