Étude multidisciplinaire des débroussailleurs forestiers au Québec : intégration des mesures de l'effort du travailleur dans le système de rémunération
|Advisor:||Lebel, Luc; Bouthillier, Luc|
|Abstract:||Since 1986, regeneration areas clean by motor-manual cleaning operations has increases noticeably. However poor working conditions and a lack of recognition contribute to the problem of labor shortage in this field. Silvicultural contractors have problems attracting and conserving a stable working crew. A research project including time studies, ergonomics and economics analysis was undertaken with the aim of understanding the workload dynamic of brushsaw operators paid on a piece rate system. The worker’s behaviour and productivity in relation to incentives, site and climatic factors was studied. This research involved the participation of forty-eight brushsaw operators. A productivity model was then produced based upon forestry inventory data and time studies’ results. The proportion of the area covered by competitive vegetation (%) and the stand density (stems/hectare) were the two variables with the highest determination coefficient. An improved knowledge of workload dynamic was gained through heart rate measurements. The relationship between site factors and heart rate was evaluated. Those results about productivity and heart rate were used to evaluate workers’ behaviour. This behaviour was compared to those found in the literature. Differences were explained by piece rate incentive at a fixed rate and the worker strategy to reach a weekly income goal. The use of a variable piece-rate to compensate brushsaw operators is recommended. Also a fixed wages is recommended during the learning period to decrease workers’ discouragement.|
|Document Type:||Mémoire de maîtrise|
|Open Access Date:||11 April 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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