Utilisation de l'écorce de peuplier faux-tremble pour la fabrication de panneaux de particules

Authors: Villeneuve, Emmie
Advisor: Cloutier, Alain; Koubaa, Ahmed
Abstract: The bark is a not-desirable matter for the forest industry. The methods used to bury or burn bark are harmful to soil and air. Consequently, it’s important to look any alternative utilization of bark. The hypothesis on which this project is based is that is possible to manufacture particleboards from trembling aspen (Populus tremuloides) bark while meeting the performance standards of the American National Standard Institute (ANSI). A factorial design was set-up to analyze the effect of three factors : panel density (600, 800 and 1000 kg/m³), resin content in the surface layer (6, 9 and 12 %) and type of binder (urea-formaldehyde and phenol-formaldehyde) on the physical and mechanical properties of the panels. Each combination of factors was repeated three times. This gave a total of 54 panels of 560 X 460 X 8 mm for the analyzis. Panels of a density of 1000 kg/m3 made with phenol-formaldehyde resin were finally not manufactured due to a recurrent problem of delamination. The standards for modulus of elasticity, internal bond strength, linear expansion and hardness were met for certain combinations of the above mentioned factors. The modulus of rupture and thickness swelling were the critical properties of this study. The best panels were manufactured with phenol-formaldehhyde resin at a density of 800 kg/m3 and a resin content of 12 % in the surface layers. The comparison of the results obtained for the panels made with urea-formaldehyde (UF) and phenol-formaldehyde (PF) shows that the average values obtained for modulus of elasticity, modulus of rupture and internal bond strentgh are higher for PF resin, the average values obtained for hardness is higher for UF resin ; thickness swelling decreased for UF resin ; and the utilization of PF or UF resin does not have a significant impact on the linear expansion.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2004
Open Access Date: 11 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/17900
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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