La dynamique de l'intervention en éducation à la santé au primaire

Authors: Blais, Mireille
Advisor: Tousignant, Marielle
Abstract: The purpose of this action research was to investigate the dynamics of health education in elementary schools. Many physical educators remain preoccupied by children’s health and lifestyle. They are looking for efficient ways to develop and implement learning tasks that would promote a healthy and active lifestyle among their pupils. This study was conducted in collaboration with four experienced practitioners and a consultant/researcher. Four student groups were involved; children were aged between 7 and 10 (n = 102). The ecological model served as a conceptual frame of reference to describe the nature, the content and the development of health learning tasks, and to identify factors that would explain pupils’ level of cooperation during the teaching/learning process. Data were collected by means of the researcher’s observational notes, interviews with the physical educators and the pupils, and analyses of pupils’ productions. An inductive analysis of the data shows that the practitioners make use of two types of learning tasks in order to bring the pupils to adopt a healthy lifestyle and to develop knowledge about it. They use, among other strategies, a type of contract to help children engage by themselves into a modification process of their lifestyle over a period of many months. Many factors might explain the pupils’ degree of cooperation. The accountability system acts as a support in their self-management process and they choose to involve themselves without exchanging grades for performance. Furthermore, they receive social support and acknowledgment from adults who are aware of their efforts and actions. Results also indicate that practitioners’ knowledge and beliefs play a central role in the decision making process as it relates to the planning and implementation of learning tasks in health education at the elementary school level.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2004
Open Access Date: 11 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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