Enlèvement de l'azote des eaux usées par un procédé à culture fixée immergée
|Abstract:||The present study was conducted to establish the nitrogen removal capacity for a domestic effluent of the submerged fixed-film process BIO-FOSSEMD. This process has been especially designed for small communities and is based on the use of textile as bacterial support. When aerated continuously and subjected to loads of 35 g N-NH4+ m-2 d-1 and 323 g DBO5 m-2 d-1, this process reached 96% of nitrification, while providing 98% biological oxygen demand removal and 91% suspended solids removal. Under these conditions, values lower than 2 mg N-NH4+/L were measured on a regular basis in the effluent. When the reactor is operated under intermittent aeration, NH4+ and NO3- removal efficiencies depend on the duration of aerobic and anoxic periods. With a 24 h cycle, including 75% of aeration, the effluent nitrogen concentrations varied from 0,4 to 7,4 mg N-NH4+/L and from 10 to 21 mg N-NO3-/L. Under continuous aeration, total nitrogen removal average was around 49%, reaching over 70% at some point. Similar nitrogen removal was reached under intermittent aeration. Kinetic tests conducted ex situ gave a maximal nitrification rate of 58 g N-NH4+ m-2 d-1 and a maximal denitrification rate of 52 g N-NO3- m-2 d-1.|
|Document Type:||Mémoire de maîtrise|
|Open Access Date:||11 April 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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