La famille et l'école : entre le particulier et l'universel : les conceptions de Condorcet, Hegel, Durkheim, Parsons et Bourdieu et Passeron

Authors: Bédard, Mélanie
Advisor: Gagné, Gilles
Abstract: This study examines how Condorcet, Hegel, Durkheim, Parsons, Bourdieu and Passeron perceive the roles of both the family and the school with regard to upbringing. Since the French Revolution, these perceptions have greatly evolved. We refer to these authors since they clearly represent the context of this evolution. Although these perceptions have inherited principles originating from the Enlightenment, they vary according to the relationship with society and the intentions by which they are guided. Universal happiness, which has an impact on the freedom of the growing individual, becomes less and less abstract. In the end, this ideal is almost surpassed by the freedom of personal happiness, which still depends today on success in school, as it is a generally accepted requirement. The responsibility of each individual is amplified, because, ever since unequal social structures have been highly criticized, social order shall no longer be based upon class determination.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2003
Open Access Date: 11 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/17857
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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