L'identification des facteurs qui vont favoriser la participation sociale des adultes présentant des séquelles de traumatisme cranio-cérébral

Authors: Dumont, Claire
Advisor: Gervais, Marie
Abstract: Traumatic brain injury is a major public health problem. People in the health field and in the community must know the best ways to improve social participation of people living with the sequelae of this traumatism. Previous studies identified factors mainly related to impairments, to the traumatism and to personal characteristics such as age, education, and gender. This study’s goal was to explore the personal and environmental resiliency factors that could improve the social participation of this population. Three personal resiliency factors were investigated: sense of coherence, perceived self-efficacy and positive mental states (self-acceptance, emotional stability, relationships…). Environmental resiliency factors investigated were: family cohesion and adaptability, health and rehabilitation services, and characteristics of the work place. Fifty-three adults who suffered a traumatic brain injury during the years 1995 to 2000 and received rehabilitation services were individually interviewed, which included filling out questionnaires and answering open-ended questions. Quantitative and qualitative data were collected and analyzed. Results indicate that dynamism, perceived self-efficacy and will explain an important part of social participation. Fatigue is one of the sequelae that poses the greatest challenge to perceived self-efficacy. Based on these results, the most efficient strategies for improving social participation are discussed. Conclusions include recommendations for clinical intervention, service organisation and public health.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2003
Open Access Date: 11 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/17820
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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