Évaluation du potentiel de l'infrarouge spectral pour la détection hâtive du stress nutritif chez les végétaux de grandes cultures. Application à la culture de la pomme de terre

Authors: Guénette, Caroline
Advisor: Viau, Alain
Abstract: At the present time, the management of fertilizers in the agricultural productions is a subject on which producers and administrators grant much attention. The overuse of fertilizers generates important environmental and financial costs which recently lead to both federal and provincial legislations in this field. To gain optimal use of nitrogenized fertilizers, one must evaluate correctly the plant‘s deficiencies. This research project aims at evaluating the potential of detection of the nutritive nitrogen deficiency on potato plants by the use of infra-red spectral remote sensing. To achieve our goal, we performed repeated measurements in a greenhouse experimental setup. Four levels of nitrogen deficiencies were induced on potato plants. The stress caused by the nutritive deficiency was measured according to agronomic techniques and remote sensing techniques, including the infra-red spectroscopy. Once the potential of detection evaluated for each technique, the comparison among them made it possible to determine which technique(s) allowed the hastiest discrimination during the growing season. An optimal combination of index has been identified. Its capacity of discrimination between levels of nitrogen deficiency has been quantified by a discriminant analysis. Research concludes with a notable improvement of discrimination potential by combining three remote sensing index.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2003
Open Access Date: 11 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/17814
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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