Expertise differences in preparing to return a tennis serve : a visual information processing approach

Authors: Goulet, ClaudeBard, ChantalFleury, Michelle
Abstract: Two experiments were conducted to analyze the performance of expert and novice tennis players. For testing purposes, 16-mm films were used. Subjects in both studies had to identify the type of serve presented (flat, top-spin, sliced). In Experiment 1, visual search patterns were investigated. During the ritual phase, experts focus on the shoulder/trunk areas whereas novices concentrate their search around the head of the server. During the execution phase, experts concentrate on the racquet whereas novices use more cues. Using the technique of temporal visual occlusion, the speed and accuracy of decisional processes were investigated in a second study. Results showed that expert players select valuable information during the preparatory phase and during the first part of. the execution phase. Novices must see the ritual phase until ball/racquet impact to be as accurate. Results emphasize the importance of combining sampling of eye movement and behavior parameters to sharpen our understanding of the perceptual processes underlying motor sport performance.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 1 December 1989
Open Access Date: Restricted access
Document version: VoR
This document was published in: Journal of sport & exercise psychology, Vol. 11 (4), 382–398 (1989)
Human Kinetics Publishers
Alternative version: 10.1123/jsep.11.4.382
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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