A motivational model of performance-enhancing substance use in elite athletes

Authors: Donahue, Eric G.; Miquelon, Paule; Valois, PierreGoulet, Claude; Buist, André; Vallerand, Robert J.
Abstract: Very little research has been done so far on the psychological determinants of performance-enhancing substance use in sports. The purpose of this study was to propose and test a motivational model of performance-enhancing substance use with elite athletes (N = 1,201). The model posits that intrinsic and extrinsic motivation toward sport predict, respectively, positive and negative sportspersonship orientations, which in turn negatively predict the use of performance-enhancing substances. Participants completed a questionnaire assessing intrinsic and extrinsic motivation toward sport, sportspersonship orientations, and performance-enhancing substance use in the last 12 months. Findings supported the motivational model. The present findings support the role of intrinsic motivation and sportspersonship orientations in preventing athletes from engaging in unethical behavior such as the use of performance-enhancing substances. Future research should seek to replicate this model with professional and Olympic athletes.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 1 December 2006
Open Access Date: Restricted access
Document version: VoR
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/17381
This document was published in: Journal of sport and exercise psychology, Vol. 28 (4), 511-520 (2006)
https://doi.org/10.1123/jsep.28.4.511
Alternative version: 10.1123/jsep.28.4.511
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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