In vivo evaluation and imaging of a bilayered self-assembled skin substitute using a decellularized dermal matrix grafted on mice

Authors: Beaudoin-Cloutier, ChanelGoyer, BenjaminPerron, CindyGuignard, RinaLarouche, DanielleMoulin, VéroniqueGermain, LucieGauvin, RobertAuger, François A.
Abstract: As time to final coverage is the essence for better survival outcome in severely burned patients, we have continuously strived to reduce the duration for the preparation of our bilayered self-assembled skin substitutes (SASS). These SASS produced in vitro by the self-assembly approach have a structure and functionality very similar to native skin. Recently, we have shown that a decellularized dermal matrix preproduced by the self-assembly approach could be used as a template to further obtain self-assembled skin substitute using a decellularized dermal template (SASS-DM) in vitro. Thus, the production period with patient cells was then reduced to about 1 month. Herein, preclinical animal experiments have been performed to confirm the integration and evolution of such a graft and compare the maturation of SASS and SASS-DM in vivo. Both tissues, reconstructed from adult or newborn cells, were grafted on athymic mice. Green fluorescent protein-transfected keratinocytes were also used to follow grafted tissues weekly for 6 weeks using an in vivo imaging system (IVIS). Cell architecture and differentiation were studied with histological and immunofluorescence analyses at each time point. Graft integration, macroscopic evolution, histological analyses, and expression of skin differentiation markers were similar between both skin substitutes reconstructed from either newborn or adult cells, and IVIS observations confirmed the efficient engraftment of SASS-DM. In conclusion, our in vivo graft experiments on a mouse model demonstrated that the SASS-DM had equivalent macroscopic, histological, and differentiation evolution over a 6-week period, when compared with the SASS. The tissue-engineered SASS-DM could improve clinical availability and advantageously shorten the time necessary for the definitive wound coverage of severely burned patients.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 13 December 2016
Open Access Date: Restricted access
Document version: VoR
This document was published in: Tissue Engineering Part A, Vol. 23 (7-8), 313-322 (2017)
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc
Alternative version: 10.1089/ten.tea.2016.0296
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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