Potential of newborn and adult stem cells for the production of vascular constructs using the living tissue sheet approach

Authors: Bourget, Jean-MichelGauvin, RobertDuchesneau, DavidRémy-Zolghadri, MurielleAuger, François A.Germain, Lucie
Abstract: Bypass surgeries using native vessels rely on the availability of autologous veins and arteries. An alternative to those vessels could be tissue-engineered vascular constructs made by self-organized tissue sheets. This paper intends to evaluate the potential use of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) isolated from two different sources: (1) bone marrow-derived MSCs and (2) umbilical cord blood-derived MSCs. When cultured in vitro, a proportion of those cells differentiated into smooth muscle cell- (SMC-) like cells and expressed contraction associated proteins. Moreover, these cells assembled into manipulable tissue sheets when cultured in presence of ascorbic acid. Tubular vessels were then produced by rolling those tissue sheets on a mandrel. The architecture, contractility, and mechanical resistance of reconstructed vessels were compared with tissue-engineered media and adventitia produced from SMCs and dermal fibroblasts, respectively. Histology revealed a collagenous extracellular matrix and the contractile responses measured for these vessels were stronger than dermal fibroblasts derived constructs although weaker than SMCs-derived constructs. The burst pressure of bone marrow-derived vessels was higher than SMCs-derived ones. These results reinforce the versatility of the self-organization approach since they demonstrate that it is possible to recapitulate a contractile media layer from MSCs without the need of exogenous scaffolding material.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Open Access Date: 2 February 2018
Document version: VoR
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/16847
This document was published in: BioMed Research International, Vol. 2015 (2015)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/168294
Alternative version: 10.1155/2015/168294
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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