Effect of intense pulsed light treatment on human skin in vitro : analysis of immediate effects on dermal papillae and hair follicle stem cells

Authors: Larouche, DanielleKim, Dong Hyun; Ratté, Gilles; Beaumont, C.; Germain, Lucie
Abstract: Background : Hair follicles house a permanent pool of epithelial stem cells. Intense pulsed light (IPL) sources have been successfully used for hair removal, but long-term hair reduction may require several treatments. Many questions remain regarding the impact of IPL treatment on the structure of the hair follicle, more specifically on hair follicular stem cells and dermal papilla cells, a group of specialized cells that orchestrate hair growth. Objectives : To characterize the destruction of human hair follicles and surrounding tissues following IPL treatment, with more attention paid to the bulge and the bulb regions. Methods : Human scalp specimens of Fitzpatrick skin phototype II were exposed ex vivo to IPL pulses and were then processed for histological analysis, immunodetection of stem cell-associated keratin 19, and revelation of the endogenous alkaline phosphatase activity expressed in dermal papilla cells. Results : Histological analysis confirmed that pigmented structures, such as the melanin-rich matrix cells of the bulb in anagen follicles and the hair shaft, are principally targeted by IPL treatment, while white hairs and epidermis remained unaffected. Damage caused by heat sometimes extended over the dermal papilla cells, while stem cells were mostly spared. Conclusions : IPL epilation principally targets pigmented structures. Our results suggest that, under the tested conditions, collateral damage does not deplete stem cells. Damage at the dermal papilla was observed only with high-energy treatment modalities. Extrapolated to frequently treated hairs, these observations explain why some hairs grow back after a single IPL treatment.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 10 October 2013
Open Access Date: Restricted access
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/16740
This document was published in: British journal of dermatology, Vol. 169 (4), 859-868 (2013)
British Association of Dermatologists by Blackwell Scientific Publications
Alternative version: 10.1111/bjd.12477
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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