Production of bioengineered cancer tissue constructs in vitro : epithelium–mesenchyme heterotypic interactions

Authors: Wang, Chang ShuGoulet, FrancineAuger, François A.Tremblay, NathalieGermain, LucieTêtu, Bernard
Abstract: A few models have been established to study cancer cells in vitro. However, the cellular interactions have rarely been studied specifically using bioengineered cancer constructs combining human carcinoma cells and tumor-associated fibroblasts. We developed an in vitro model of tridimensional bioengineered cancer tissue constructs (bCTC) by seeding mammary epithelial cancer cells or normal keratinocytes over a mesenchymal layer containing tumor-derived fibroblastic cells or normal skin fibroblasts. After the introduction of epithelial cells, each construct was cultured for another 10 d. Histologic analyses showed that carcinoma cell lines could invade the subjacent mesenchymal layer and that the capacity to migrate was related to the invasive potential of cancer cells and the type of fibroblasts used, while noninvasive populations did not. Of the tested epithelial cells, MDA-MB-231 and, to a lesser degree, HDQ-P1 cell lines were invasive, and the invasion was deeper into the mesenchymal component containing tumor-derived fibroblasts. However, with normal skin fibroblasts, the mesenchymal layer was degraded twice faster than with tumor-derived fibroblastic cells. MDA-MB231 cells and normal keratinocytes induced the highest level of gelatinase B, and the level was lowest with the MCF-7 cell line. The activated form of gelatinase B was, however, induced to the highest levels in the keratinocyte-seeded bCTC containing tumor-derived but not normal fibroblasts. MDA-MB-231 was the only epithelial cancer cell line whose activity of gelatinase A was reduced when cocultured with tumor-derived fibroblasts but not under normal fibroblast stimulation. Finally, a 50/48-kDa gelatinase band has been observed in bCTCs with noninvasive epithelial cells only. Our study demonstrates the selective secretion of gelatinases according to the phenotype of the cells seeded in the various bCTCs.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 1 July 2001
Open Access Date: Restricted access
Document version: VoR
This document was published in: In Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology - Animal, Vol. 37 (7), 434–439 (2001)<0434:POBCTC>2.0.CO;2
Tissue Culture Association
Alternative version: 10.1290/1071-2690(2001)037<0434:POBCTC>2.0.CO;2
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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