Role of wound healing myofibroblasts on re-epithelialization of human skin

Authors: Moulin, VéroniqueAuger, François A.; Garrel, Dominique A.; Germain, Lucie
Abstract: In human skin, large burned surfaces heal using two concomitant phenomena: re-epithelialization and dermal neoformation. Numerous studies report the role of interactions between keratinocytes and fibroblasts, but the relationship between wound healing myofibroblasts and keratinocytes is not clear, even though these two cell types coexist during healing. We investigated the influence of myofibroblasts on keratinocyte growth and differentiation using an in vitro skin model. A histological study was performed to determine the speed and quality of epithelialization. When the dermis was populated with fibroblasts, a continuous epidermis was formed in 7–10 days. In contrast, with wound healing myofibroblasts or without cell in dermis, the complete re-epithelialization never occurred over the 10-day period studied. After 7 further days of epidermal differentiation, histology showed an epidermis more disorganized and expression of basement membrane constituents was reduced when wound healing myofibroblasts or no cells were added in the dermis instead of fibroblasts. These results suggest that wound healing myofibroblasts are not efficient to stimulate keratinocyte growth and differentiation. Treatment of fibroblasts with TGFβ1 induced an increase of epidermal cell differentiation as seen when myofibroblasts were present. However, this cytokine did not change re-epithelialization rate and induced an increase of basement membrane matrix deposition in opposition to myofibroblasts. Thus, TGFβ1 action is not sufficient to explain all the different keratinocyte reactions towards fibroblasts and wound healing myofibroblasts. Our conclusion is that myofibroblasts seem to have a limited role in the re-epithelialization process and might be more associated with the increased extracellular matrix secretion.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 1 February 2000
Open Access Date: Restricted access
Document version: VoR
This document was published in: Burns, Vol. 26 (1), 3-12 (2000)
Alternative version: 10630313
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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