Use of in vitro reconstructed skin to cover skin flap donor site

Authors: Li, HuiBerthod, FrançoisXu, Wen; Damour, Odile; Germain, LucieAuger, François A.
Abstract: Background: The skin flap technique is widely used in reconstructive surgery for the coverage of deep burns of the face, neck, and joints. Facial deformities and joint contractures are avoided by transplanting vascularized full-thickness skin on wounds. The major drawback of this technique is the injury inflicted upon the donor site, which corresponds to a third degree burn. The usual technique to cover the flap donor site is the transplantation of split-thickness autografts. In the case of patients with deep and extensive burns, the harvesting of good quality autografts is often difficult because of multiple scars. In order to avoid additional trauma to the patient by split-thickness skin harvesting, we have experimented the use of a new model ofin vitroreconstructed skin graft for flap donor site coverage in a mouse model. Materials and methods: The reconstructed skin was grafted on the back of nude mice at the skin flap donor site, while flap was used to cover a wound generated on joint of the posterior leg. Results: A 100% graft take was achieved (16 mice were used) and a limited contraction of the reconstructed skin was observed 30 days posttransplantation (78% of the initial surface area of the graft remained). Histological analysis of the graft demonstrated healing of a well differentiated epidermis laying on a dense dermis. Conclusions: Since this technique would prevent additional trauma to the patient while achieving a good healing of the wound, it may be a useful approach in the coverage of skin flap donor site in humans.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 12 April 2002
Open Access Date: Restricted access
Document version: VoR
This document was published in: The Journal of surgical research, Vol. 73 (2), 143-148 (1997)
Academic Press
Alternative version: 10.1006/jsre.1997.5229
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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