Whole-Genome transcriptional analysis of Escherichia coli during heat inactivation processes related to industrial cooking

Authors: Guernec, AnthonyRobichaud-Rincon, PhilippeSaucier, Linda
Abstract: Escherichia coli K-12 was grown to the stationary phase, for maximum physiological resistance, in brain heart infusion (BHI) broth at 37°C. Cells were then heated at 58°C or 60°C to reach a process lethality value (Fo1070) of 2 or 3 or to a core temperature of 71°C (control industrial cooking temperature). Growth recovery and cell membrane integrity were evaluated immediately after heating, and a global transcription analysis was performed using gene expression microarrays. Only cells heated at 58°C with Fo = 2 were still able to grow on liquid or solid BHI broth after heat treatment. However, their transcriptome did not differ from that of bacteria heated at 58°C with Fo = 3 (P value for the false discovery rate [P-FDR] > 0.01), where no growth recovery was observed posttreatment. Genome-wide transcriptomic data obtained at 71°C were distinct from those of the other treatments without growth recovery. Quantification of heat shock gene expression by real-time PCR revealed that dnaK and groEL mRNA levels decreased significantly above 60°C to reach levels similar to those of control cells at 37°C (P < 0.0001). Furthermore, despite similar levels of cell inactivation measured by growth on BHI media after heating, 132 and 8 genes were differentially expressed at 71°C compared to 58°C and 60°C at Fo = 3, respectively (P-FDR < 0.01). Among them, genes such as aroA, citE, glyS, oppB, and asd, whose expression was upregulated at 71°C, may be worth investigating as good biomarkers for accurately determining the efficiency of heat treatments, especially when cells are too injured to be enumerated using growth media.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 14 June 2013
Open Access Date: 22 January 2018
Document version: AM
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/16565
This document was published in: Applied and environmental microbiology, Vol. 79 (16), 4940-4950 (2013)
American Society for Microbiology
Alternative version: 10.1128/AEM.00958-13
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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