The mixed lineage kinase leucine-zipper protein kinase exhibits a differentiation-associated localization in normal human skin and induces keratinocyte differentiation upon overexpression

Authors: Germain, LucieFradette, JulieRobitaille, HubertGuignard, Rina; Grondin, Gilles; Nadeau, André; Blouin, Richard
Abstract: Leucine-zipper protein kinase/dual leucine zipper bearing kinase/mitogen-activated protein kinase-upstream kinase is a recently described protein serine/threonine kinase which belongs to the mixed lineage kinase family. The overall pattern of expression of the leucine-zipper protein kinase/dual leucine zipper bearing kinase/mitogen-activated protein kinase-upstream kinase gene in embryonic and adult mouse tissues suggested that this kinase could be involved in the regulation of epithelial cell proliferation and differentiation. In order to get more insights into the potential role of leucine-zipper protein kinase in these cellular processes, we characterized its expression in normal human skin, both at the mRNA and protein levels. In situ hybridization, western blotting, and indirect immunofluorescence studies were conducted to localize leucine-zipper protein kinase on various human skin tissues. This is one of the first reports that leucine-zipper protein kinase has a very precise pattern of expression in human skin epithelia, as both mRNA and protein are restricted to the granular layer of the epidermis and inner root sheath of hair follicles. Detection of leucine-zipper protein kinase protein on skin from various body sites, donors of different ages as well as on reconstructed human skin always reveals that leucine-zipper protein kinase is present only in the very differentiated keratinocytes of epidermis and hair follicles. To determine directly whether leucine-zipper protein kinase exhibits any effect on cell growth and differentiation, keratinocytes were transfected with an expression vector harboring the leucine-zipper protein kinase cDNA. The presence of this construct in keratinocytes results in growth arrest together with a concomitant increase in filaggrin expression. Collectively, our results indicate that leucine-zipper protein kinase plays an active part in cellular processes related to terminal differentiation of epidermal keratinocytes.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 8 December 2015
Open Access Date: Restricted access
Document version: VoR
This document was published in: Journal of Investigative Dermatology, Vol. 115 (5), 860-867 (2000)
Elsevier Science Pub. Co.
Alternative version: 10.1046/j.1523-1747.2000.00024.x
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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