A method for the evaluation of tensile properties of skin equivalents
|Authors:||Lafrance, Hugues; Guillot, Michel; Germain, Lucie; Auger, François A.|
|Abstract:||In vitro production of anchored skin equivalent is a new therapeutical option for burn patients. A skin equivalent is a combined culture of dermal and epidermal layers. The dermal layer provides important mechanical properties, such as tensile resistance and nonlinear elasticity, to the skin equivalent during its development. Prior to any in vivo human transplantation, the lensile properties of cutaneous equivalents have to be evaluated as a function of its structural components, in view of establishing the culture conditions leading to the best mechanical resistance and stretchability characteristics. However, the handling and clamping of skin equivalents are frequents are frequent causes of tearing and lack of repeatability in the measuring of tensile properties. A new indentation method involving a specially designed culture dish has been developed to minimize the risk of damage. Using this new culture dish, cutaneous equivalents were installed on an indentation apparatus. The central loading of a spherical tip was transmitted to the central area of a circular anchored cutaneous equivalent and was recorded with tip position. The tests were achieved at a constant low deflection rate of the tip. This new and accurate method gave repeatability in three central load-deflection characteristics of anchored dermal equivalent: the high-modulus (0.15 g mm−1), the central load of rupture (1.49 g), the rupture deflection (0.470 mm). This indentation test is expected to be an efficient tool in the evaluation of various skin equivalent models tensile properties.|
|Document Type:||Article de recherche|
|Open Access Date:||Restricted access|
|This document was published in:||Medical engineering and physics, Vol. 17 (7), 537-543 (1995)|
|Collection:||Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture|
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