Optimization of murine keratinocyte culture for the production of graftable epidermal sheets

Authors: Rouabhia, MahmoudGermain, LucieBélanger, FrançoisGuignard, RinaAuger, François A.
Abstract: The aim of the present study was to optimize murine epidermal cell cultures in order to obtain graftable sheets. Newborn (1–3 days old) Balb/c mice skin were used to optimize culture media and plating cell concentration, then epidermal sheet production, and grafting. Epidermal cells were plated at various concentrations in different culture media containing low (0.1 mM) or high (>1 mM) Ca2+ levels. After a 3 day culture at the 104 cells/cm2 plating cell concentration, the percentage of differentiated cells was more than 80% in the high Ca2+ culture medium and less than 50% with bulky cells in the low Ca2+ culture medium. Under these conditions confluence was not obtained. At the 105 cells/cm2 seeding inoculum, the percentage of confluence increased to 95–100% during the first 72 h of culture in both high and low Ca2+ culture media. Three-day-old culture showed stratified multilayer epidermal sheets in the high calcium medium, and monolayer epidermal sheets were present in the low calcium medium after seeding keratinocytes in fibronectin precoated flasks. Seven days after plating, post confluent cultures were composed of a high percentage of differentiated cells (90%) with an increase in shedding cells in the medium. Considering the above morphological observations, sheets obtained with 105 cells/cm2 in MCDB-153 (A), DME-HAM (B) or GMEM (C) media after 3 days in culture were grafted. Twenty days after grafting, histological analysis of biopsies showed an epidermal structure and organization comparable to normal murine epidermis without hair follicles. Epidermal transplants showed a complete basement membrane, hemidesmosomes, and tonofilament bundles. Sheets obtained after seven day culture in all media showed lower coverage of the wound bed. These studies point out the importance of the plating cell and Ca2+ concentrations, and the culture time for murine keratinocyte confluence and differentiation to obtain graftable epidermal sheets.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 1 June 1992
Open Access Date: Restricted access
Document version: VoR
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/16177
This document was published in: The Journal of dermatology, Vol. 19 (6), 325–334 (1992)
Alternative version: 10.1111/j.1346-8138.1992.tb03234.x
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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