The isolated human umbilical vein as a bioassay for kinin-generating proteases : an in vitro model for therapeutic angioedema agents

Authors: Jean, Mélissa; Raghavan, Arvind; Charles, Matthew L.; Robbins, Mark S.; Wagner, Éric; Rivard, Georges-Étienne; Charest-Morin, XavierMarceau, François
Abstract: Aims: The isolated human umbilical vein is a robust contractile bioassay for ligands of the bradykinin (BK) B2 receptor (B2R), also extendable to B1 receptor (B1R) pharmacology. We hypothesized that, as a freshly isolated vessel, it also contains traces of plasma proteins that may confer responses to exogenous proteases via the formation of kinins. Main methods : Rings of human umbilical veins were mounted in organ baths containing Krebs buffer maintained at 37 °C and purified proteases were introduced in the bathing fluid along with additional drugs/proteins that permit mechanistic analysis of effects. Key findings: The previously described contractile response to human recombinant tissue kallikrein (KLK-1, 1–10 nM) is not influenced by metabolic inhibitors, suggesting its dependence on a preexisting reservoir of low molecular weight-kininogen (LK). Active plasma kallikrein (apK, ≤ 5 nM) was inactive in fresh tissues, unless high molecular weight-kininogen (HK, 39–197 nM) replenishment was applied. The effects of KLK-1 and HK + apK are abolished by pretreating tissues with icatibant, but not with tranexamic acid. C1-esterase inhibitor inhibited only HK + apK. Purified plasmin and neutrophil proteinase-3 produced small contractions in the presence of HK only, and tissue plasminogen activator, none. B1R stimulation was pharmacologically evidenced in response to KLK-1 if LK was supplied. Significance: The pharmacology of KLK-1 and HK + apK in the human isolated umbilical vein is essentially based on the activity of locally generated kinins and this assay models the inhibitory action of some therapeutic agents active in angioedema states. Proteases that indirectly generate kinins have little activity in the system.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 7 May 2016
Open Access Date: 21 November 2017
Document version: AM
This document was published in: Life sciences, Vol. 155, 180–188 (2016)
Alternative version: 10.1016/j.lfs.2016.05.010
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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