Met-Lys-bradykinin-Ser-Ser, a peptide produced by the neutrophil from kininogen, is metabolically activated by angiotensin converting enzyme in vascular tissue

Authors: Gera, Lajos; Roy, CarolineBawolak, Marie-ThérèseBouthillier, Johanne; Adam, Albert; Marceau, François
Abstract: Bradykinin (BK) is a vasoactive nonapeptide cleaved from circulating kininogens and that is degraded by angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE). It has been reported that the PR3 protease from human neutrophil releases an alternate peptide of 13 amino acids, Met-Lys-BK-Ser-Ser, from high molecular weight kininogen. We have studied vascular actions of this kinin. Its affinity for recombinant B1 and B2 receptors is very low, as assessed by the binding competition of [3H]Lys-des-Arg9-BK and [3H]BK, respectively, but Met-Lys-BK-Ser-Ser effectively displaced a fraction of [3H]enalaprilat binding to recombinant ACE. Mutant recombinant ACE constructions revealed that affinity gap between BK and Met-Lys-BK-Ser-Ser is larger for the N-terminal catalytic site than for the C-terminal one, based on competition for the substrate Abz-Phe-Arg-Lys(Dnp)-Pro-OH in an enzymatic assay. Met-Lys-BK-Ser-Ser is a low potency stimulant of the rabbit aorta (bioassay for B1 receptors), but the human isolated umbilical vein, a contractile bioassay for the B2 receptors, responded to Met-Lys-BK-Ser-Ser more than expected from the radioligand binding assay, this agonist being ∼30-fold less potent than BK in the vein. Venous tissue treatment with the ACE inhibitor enalaprilat reduced the apparent potency of Met-Lys-BK-Ser-Ser by 15-fold, while not affecting that of BK. In the rabbit isolated jugular vein, Met-Lys-BK-Ser-Ser is nearly as potent as BK as a contractile stimulant of endogenous B2 receptors (EC50 values of 16.3 and 10.5 nM, respectively), but enalaprilat reduced the potency of Met-Lys-BK-Ser-Ser 13-fold while increasing that of BK 5.3-fold. In vascular tissue, ACE assumes a paradoxical activating role for Met-Lys-BK-Ser-Ser.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 11 August 2011
Open Access Date: 21 November 2017
Document version: AM
This document was published in: Pharmacological Research, Vol. 64 (5), 528–534 (2011)
Academic Press
Alternative version: 10.1016/j.phrs.2011.08.001
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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