Altered cardiac bradykinin metabolism in experimental diabetes caused by the variations of angiotensin converting enzyme and other peptidases

Authors: Adam, Albert; Leclair, Patrick; Montpas, Nicolas; Koumbadinga, Gérémy AbdullBachelard, HélèneMarceau, François
Abstract: The peptidases angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) and neutral endopeptidase 24.11 (NEP) mediate most of the kinin catabolism in normal cardiac tissue and are the molecular targets of inhibitory drugs that favorably influence diabetic complications. We studied the variations of those kininases in the myocardium of rats in experimental diabetes. ACE and NEP activities were significantly decreased in heart membranes 4–8 weeks post-streptozotocin (STZ) injection. However, insulin-dependent diabetes did not modify significantly bradykinin (BK) half-life (t1/2) while the effect of both ACE (enalaprilat) and ACE and NEP (omapatrilat) inhibitors on BK degradation progressively decreased, which may be explained by the upregulation of other unidentified metallopeptidase(s). In vivo insulin treatment restored the activities of both ACE and NEP. ACE and NEP activities were significantly higher in hearts of young Zucker rats than in those of Sprague–Dawley rats. BK t1/2 and the effects of peptidase inhibitors on t1/2 varied accordingly. It is concluded that kininase activities are subjected to large and opposite variations in rat cardiac tissue in type I and II diabetes models. A number of tissue or molecular factors may determine these variations, such as remodeling of cardiac tissue, ectoenzyme shedding to the extracellular fluid and the pathologic regulation of peptidase gene expression.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 16 October 2009
Open Access Date: 16 November 2017
Document version: AM
This document was published in: Neuropeptides, Vol. 44 (2), 69–75 (2010)
Churchill Livingstone
Alternative version: 10.1016/j.npep.2009.09.004
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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