Usefulness of carvedilol in the treatment of chronic aortic valve regurgitation

Authors: Zendaoui, AdnaneLachance, DominicRoussel, ÉliseCouët, JacquesArsenault, Marie
Other Title(s): Carvedilol treatment for aortic valve regurgitation
Abstract: Background — Aortic regurgitation (AR) is a chronic disease for which there is currently no approved medical treatment. We previously reported in an animal model that β-blockade with metoprolol exerted beneficial effects on left ventricular remodeling and survival. Despite the recent publication of promising human data, β-blockade in chronic AR remains controversial. More data are needed to support this potentially new treatment strategy. We hypothesized that carvedilol might be another safe treatment option in chronic AR, considering its combined β-blocking and α-blocking effects and proven efficacy in patients with established heart failure. Methods and Results — The effects of a 6-month treatment with carvedilol 30 mg/kg/d orally were evaluated in adult Wistar rats with severe AR. Sham-operated and untreated AR animals were used as controls. Carvedilol treatment resulted in less left ventricular hypertrophy and dilatation. Ejection fraction was improved and filling pressures were reduced by carvedilol. β1-Receptor expression was also improved as well as myocardial capillary density. Those beneficial effects were noted despite the presence of drug-induced bradycardia. Conclusions — Carvedilol exerted protective effects against volume-overload cardiomyopathy in this model of aortic valve regurgitation with preserved ejection fraction. These results suggest a protective class effect of β-blockers. Combined with the recent publication of promising human data, our findings support the need to carefully design a prospective study in humans to evaluate the effects of β-blockers in chronic aortic valve regurgitation.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 15 March 2011
Open Access Date: 14 November 2017
Document version: AM
This document was published in: Circulation. Heart failure, Vol. 4 (2), 207–213 (2011)
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Alternative version: 10.1161/CIRCHEARTFAILURE.110.958512
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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