Effectiveness of β-blockade in experimental chronic aortic regurgitation

Authors: Plante, ÉricLachance, DominicGaudreau, MartinDrolet, Marie-ClaudeRoussel, ÉliseArsenault, MarieCouët, Jacques
Abstract: Background— Past studies have suggested that the adrenergic system becomes abnormally activated in chronic volume overload, such as in severe aortic valve regurgitation (AR). However, the effectiveness of agents directed against this adrenergic activation has never been adequately tested in chronic AR. We therefore tested the effects of metoprolol treatment on the left ventricular (LV) function and remodeling in severe chronic AR in rats. Methods and Results— Severe AR was created in adult male Wistar rats by retrograde puncture of the aortic leaflets under echocardiographic guidance. Two weeks later, some animals received metoprolol treatment (25 mg/kg) orally for 24 weeks, and some were left untreated. LV dimensions, ejection fraction, and filling parameters were evaluated by echocardiography. Hearts were harvested at 1, 2, 14, and 180 days for the evaluation of hypertrophy, β-adrenergic receptor status, and extracellular matrix remodeling. We found that metoprolol treatment prevented LV dilatation and preserved the ejection fraction and filling parameters compared with untreated animals. Metoprolol increased the expression of β1-adrenoreceptor mRNA and reduced G protein receptor kinase 2 levels. Collagen I and III mRNA levels were reduced. Cardiac myocyte hypertrophy was also prevented. Conclusions— In our experimental model of severe AR, metoprolol treatment had a significant beneficial global effect on LV remodeling and function. These results suggest that the adrenergic system is important in the development of volume-overload cardiomyopathy in AR and that adrenergic-blocking agents may play a role in the treatment of this disease.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 13 September 2004
Open Access Date: 15 November 2017
Document version: AM
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/15833
This document was published in: Circulation, Vol. 110 (11), 1477-1483 (2004)
https://doi.org/10.1161/01.CIR.0000141733.55236.9D
American Heart Association
Alternative version: 10.1161/01.CIR.0000141733.55236.9D
15353507
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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