Fate of macronutrients in water treatment of digestate using vibrating reversed osmosis

Authors: Vaneeckhaute, Céline; Meers, Erik; Michels, Evi; Christiaens, Patrick; Tack, Filip
Abstract: In the transition from a fossil to a bio-based economy, it has become an important challenge to maximally recuperate and recycle valuable nutrients coming from manure and digestate processing. Membrane filtration is a suitable technology to separate valuable nutrients in easily transportable concentrates which could potentially be re-used as green fertilizers, in the meantime producing high quality water. However, traditional membrane filtration systems often suffer technical problems in waste stream treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of vibratory shear enhanced processing (VSEP) in the removal of macronutrients (N, P, K, Na, Ca, Mg) from the liquid fraction of digestates, reducing their concentrations down to dischargeable/re-usable water. In addition, the re-use potential of VSEP-concentrates as sustainable substitutes for fossil-based mineral fertilizers was evaluated. Removal efficiencies for N and P by two VSEP filtration steps were high, though not sufficient to continuously reach the Flemish legislation criteria for discharge into surface waters (15 mg N l−1 and 2 mg P l−1). Additional purification can occur in a subsequent lagoon, yet further optimization of the VSEP filtration system is advised. Furthermore, concentrates produced by one membrane filtration step showed potential as N–K fertilizer with an economic value of €6.3 ± 1.1 t−1 fresh weight (FW). Further research is, however, required to evaluate the impact on crop production and soil quality by application of these new potential green fertilizers.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 11 October 2011
Open Access Date: 19 October 2017
Document version: AM
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/15661
This document was published in: Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, Vol. 223 (4), 1593–1603 (2012)
Alternative version: 10.1007/s11270-011-0967-6
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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