Psychobiological effects observed in obese men experiencing body weight loss plateau

Authors: Chaput, Jean-PhilippeDrapeau, Vicky; Hetherington, Marion M.; Lemieux, SimoneProvencher, VéroniqueTremblay, Angelo
Abstract: Our objective was to investigate the psychobiological impact associated with resistance to further weight loss in obese men. Anthropometric and body composition measurements, resting metabolic rate (RMR) measurement, appetite sensation markers, and three questionnaires [Short Form–36 Health Survey (SF-36), Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ), and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)] were assessed at baseline and after 1 month of body weight loss plateau induced by a supervised diet and exercise clinical intervention in 11 obese men. The weight loss plateau corresponded to 11.2% of initial body weight (93.9% from fat stores). However, this amount of weight loss induced a significant decrease in RMR (P<.05) and a significant increase in hunger (P<.05) and desire to eat (P<.05). Using the SF-36 Health Survey, physical and mental health were shown to be unchanged at plateau as compared to baseline. The TFEQ showed that cognitive dietary restraint increased (P<.001) compared to baseline. Finally, depression risk as measured by the BDI significantly increased at plateau (P<.01) compared to baseline. Weight loss until resistance to further weight loss may be detrimental for some psychobiological variables including depression, which emphasizes the relevance of caution and reasonable objectives when prescribing a weight reduction program for obese individuals.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 13 May 2006
Open Access Date: Restricted access
Document version: VoR
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/15404
This document was published in: Depression and Anxiety, Vol. 24 (7), 518–521 (2007)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/da.20264
Wiley-Liss
Alternative version: 10.1002/da.20264
17131351
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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