Appetite sensations and satiety quotient : predictors of energy intake and weight loss

Authors: Drapeau, Vicky; King, Neil A.; Hetherington, Marion M.; Doucet, Éric; Blundell, J. E. (John E.); Tremblay, Angelo
Abstract: PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to further evaluate the validity and clinical meaningfulness of appetite sensations to predict overall energy intake as well as body weight loss. METHODS: Men (n=176) and women (n=139) involved in six weight loss studies were selected to participate in this study. Visual analogue scales were used to measure appetite sensations before and after a fixed test meal. Fasting appetite sensations, 1 h post-prandial area under the curve (AUC) and the satiety quotient (SQ) were used as predictors of energy intake and body weight loss. Two separate measures of energy intake were used: a buffet style ad libitum test lunch and a three-day self-report dietary record. RESULTS: One-hour post-prandial AUC for all appetite sensations represented the strongest predictors of ad libitum test lunch energy intake (p⩽0.001). These associations were more consistent and pronounced for women than men. Only SQ for fullness was associated with ad libitum test lunch energy intake in women. Similar but weaker relationships were found between appetite sensations and the 3-day self-reported energy intake. Weight loss was associated with changes in appetite sensations (p⩽0.01) and the best predictors of body weight loss were fasting desire to eat; hunger; and PFC (p⩽0.01). CONCLUSIONS: These results demonstrate that appetite sensations are relatively useful predictors of spontaneous energy intake, free-living total energy intake and body weight loss. They also confirm that SQ for fullness predicts energy intake, at least in women.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 12 October 2006
Open Access Date: Restricted access
Document version: VoR
This document was published in: Appetite, Vol. 48 (2), 159–166 (2007)
Alternative version: 10.1016/j.appet.2006.08.002
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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