Social context, students’ motivation, and academic achievement : toward a process model.

Authors: Guay, Frédéric; Vallerand, Robert J.
Abstract: The purpose of the present research was to propose and test a motivational process model of academic achievement. The model posits that parental, teachers, and school administration support for students' autonomy positively influences students' perceived school competence and autonomy. In turn, perceived school competence and autonomy affect positively self-determined school motivation which in turn influences academic achievement. Two studies using a prospective design tested the adequacy of the model. In Study I, participants were 1,623 ninth-grade students. Results from structural equation modeling supported the motivational model. Participants in Study 2 were 1,098 tenth-grade students. Results from this study corroborated those of Study 1 controlling for students' prior achievement in the ninth grade. The role of self-determinod school motivation in academic achievement is discussed and avenues for future research are considered.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 1 September 1996
Open Access Date: Restricted access
Document version: VoR
This document was published in: Social Psychology of Education, Vol. 1 (3), 211–233 (1996)
Alternative version: 10.1007/BF02339891
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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