Self-determination and persistence in a real-life setting : toward a motivational model of high school dropout

Authors: Vallerand, Robert J.; Fortier, Michelle S.; Guay, Frédéric
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to propose and test a motivational model of high school dropout. The model posits that teachers, parents, and the school administration's behaviors toward students influence students' perceptions of competence and autonomy. The less autonomy supportive the social agents' behaviors are, the less positive are students' perceptions of competence and autonomy. In turn, the less positive students* perceptions are, the lower their levels of self-determined school motivation are. Finally, low levels of self-determined motivation lead students to develop intentions to drop out of high school, which are later implemented, leading to actual dropout behavior. This model was tested with high school students (N = 4,537) by means of a prospective design. Results from analyses of variance and a structural equation modeling analysis (with L1SREL) were found to support the model for all participants and for each gender separately.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 1 May 1997
Open Access Date: Restricted access
Document version: VoR
This document was published in: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 72 (5), 1161–1176 (1997)
American Psychological Association
Alternative version: 10.1037/0022-3514.72.5.1161
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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