The impact of abdominal obesity status on cardiovascular response to the Mediterranean diet

Authors: Bédard, AlexandraDodin-Dewailly, SylvieCorneau, LouiseLemieux, Simone
Abstract: We investigated the impact of abdominal obesity status on the cardiovascular response to a fully controlled 4-week isoenergetic Mediterranean diet (MedDiet). Thirty-eight abdominally obese individuals (waist circumference >102¿cm in men and >88¿cm in women) and thirty-one nonabdominally obese individuals were recruited and studied before and after the MedDiet. All analyses were adjusted for the slight decrease in body weight, which occurred during the MedDiet (mean: ¿kg). A group by time interaction was noted for waist circumference (), abdominally obese subjects showing a significant decrease and nonabdominally obese subjects a nonsignificant increase (resp., -1.1 and +0.3%). The MedDiet resulted in decreases in total cholesterol, LDL-C, HDL-C, apolipoprotein B, A-1, and A-2, total cholesterol/HDL-C ratio, LDL-C/HDL-C ratio, and systolic and diastolic blood pressure (time effect: ). For all variables related to glucose/insulin homeostasis, no change was observed except for a decrease in 2¿h glucose concentrations (time effect: ). No group by time interaction was observed in any of the metabolic variables studied. Results from our study suggest that the adoption of the MedDiet leads to beneficial metabolic effects, irrespective of the abdominal obesity statu
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 18 September 2012
Open Access Date: 10 April 2017
Document version: VoR
This document was published in: Journal of Obesity, Vol. 2012 (2012)
Alternative version: 10.1155/2012/969124
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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