The geography of overweight in Quebec : analyzing and visualizing spatial inequalities using second-level residuals

Authors: Lebel, AlexandreRiva, MylènePampalon, RobertThériault, Marius
Abstract: Objective : To discuss critically the contribution of using second-level residuals from multilevel analyses to further the understanding of how place relates to health and to visualize areas, in the province of Quebec (Canada), with above- and below-average levels of overweight. Methods : Data on 20,449 individuals are from the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS Cycle 2.1) and were linked to 51 spatial units. Arealevel residuals were computed from a multilevel analysis examining individual and area characteristics associated with the risk of overweight. Mapping the area-level residuals indicates geographic areas where the risk of overweight is higher or lower compared to the provincial adjusted prevalence. Results : Controlling for socio-economic conditions and lifestyle, distinct spatial patterns of overweight were observed, indicating that the processes linking place to health may differ between men and women and between regional contexts. In some regions, the probability of overweight differed by 23% for men and 38% for women living in privileged conditions in comparison to the province’s adjusted prevalence of overweight. Conclusions : Analyzing and visualizing area-level residuals provides multi-scaled information that could enhance the understanding of the geographic distribution of overweight and has the potential to support more integrated and locally relevant interventions.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 1 March 2010
Open Access Date: Restricted access
Document version: VoR
This document was published in: Canadian Journal of Public Health, Vol. 101 (2), 133–137 (2010)
Canadian Public Health Association
Alternative version: 10.1007/BF03404358
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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