Community re-entry and the path toward desistance : a quasi-experimental longitudinal study of dynamic factors and community risk management of adult sex offenders

Authors: Lussier, Patrick; Gress, Carmen L.Z.
Abstract: Purpose: A successful community re-entry is a step toward desistance from sex offending. The re-entry phase is critical because it can trigger dynamic risk factors that can lead to a re-offense. In that context, community risk management is seen as pivotal to moderate the impact of community re-entry and associated stressors. The current study, therefore, examines the dynamic factors associated with a successful community re-entry, taking into account the type of community supervision offenders were subjected to. Methodology: This prospective longitudinal study is based on a quasi-experimental research design where offenders (n=169) were subjected to different types of community supervision (intensive supervision versus regular probation services). Community re-entry outcomes were assessed through the presence of technical violations and/or a new criminal offence. Findings: Cox proportional hazards showed that offenders with negative community re-entry outcomes were younger, at-risk of sexual violence, under intensive community supervision, and had more negative social influences and self-regulation deficits. Of importance, intensive community supervision significantly moderated the impact of negative social influences but negatively impacted those with self-regulation deficits. Conclusions: The study provides evidence that dynamic risk factors are important during re-entry and may operate differently under different supervisory conditions.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 1 March 2014
Open Access Date: 1 March 2017
Document version: AM
This document was published in: Journal of criminal justice, Vol. 42 (2), 111–122 (2014)
Pergamon Press
Alternative version: 10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2013.09.006
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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