Design of an environmentally controlled rotating chamber for bioaerosol aging studies

Authors: Verreault, DanielDuchaine, CarolineMarcoux-Voiselle, Mélissa; Marcoux-Voiselle, Marcoux-Voiselle; Turgeon, Nathalie; J. Roy, Chad
Abstract: A chamber was designed and built to study the long-term effects of environmental conditions on air-borne microorganisms. The system consists of a 55.5-L cylindrical chamber, which can rotate at variable speeds on its axis. The chamber is placed within an insulated temperature controlled enclosure which can be either cooled or heated with piezoelectric units. A germicidal light located at the chamber center irradiates at a 360 angle. Access ports are located on the stationary sections on both ends of the chamber. Relative humidity (RH) is controlled by passing the aerosol through meshed tubes surrounded by desiccant. Validation assay indicates that the interior temperature is stable with less than 0.5 C in variation when set between 18 and 30 C with the UV light having no effect of temperature during operation. RH levels set at 20%, 50% and 80% varied by 2.2%, 3.3% and 3.3%, respectively, over a 14-h period. The remaining fraction of particles after 18 h of suspension was 8.8% at 1 rotation per minute (rpm) and 2.6% at 0 rpm with the mass median aerodynamic diameter (MMAD) changing from 1.21 ± 0.04 mm to 1.30 ± 0.02 mm at 1 rpm and from 1.21 ± 0.04 mm to 0.91 ± 0.01 mm at 0 rpm within the same time period. This chamber can be used to increase the time of particle suspension in an aerosol cloud and control the temperature, RH and UV exposure; the design facilitates stationary sampling to be performed while the chamber is rotating.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 15 July 2014
Open Access Date: Restricted access
Document version: VoR
This document was published in: Inhalation Toxicology, Vol. 26(9), 554-558 (2014)
Hemisphere Pub. Corp.
Alternative version: 10.3109/08958378.2014.928763
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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