Anticancer properties of chitosan on human melanoma are cell line dependent

Authors: Gibot, LaureChabaud, StéphaneBouhout, SaraBolduc, StéphaneAuger, François A.Moulin, Véronique
Abstract: Purpose: Chitosan, a natural macromolecule, is widely used in medical and pharmaceutical fields because of its distinctive properties such as bactericide, fungicide and above all its antitumor effects. Although its antitumor activity against different types of cancer had been previously described, its mechanism of action was not fully understood. Materials and methods: Coating of chitosan has been used in cell cultures with A375, SKMEL28, and RPMI7951 cell lines. Adherence, proliferation and apoptosis were investigated. Results: Our results revealed that whereas chitosan decreased adhesion of primary melanoma A375 cell line and decreased proliferation of primary melanoma SKMEL28 cell line, it had potent pro-apoptotic effects against RPMI7951, a metastatic melanoma cell line. In these latter cells, inhibition of specific caspases confirmed that apoptosis was effected through the mitochondrial pathway and Western blot analyses showed that chitosan induced an up regulation of pro-apoptotic molecules such as Bax and a down regulation of anti-apoptotic proteins like Bcl-2 and Bcl-XL. More interestingly, chitosan exposure induced an exposition of a greater number of CD95 receptor at RPMI7951 surface, making them more susceptible to FasL-induced apoptosis. Conclusion: Our results indicate that chitosan could be a promising agent for further evaluations in antitumor treatments targeting melanoma.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 2 September 2014
Open Access Date: 7 December 2016
Document version: AM
This document was published in: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, Vol. 72, 370–379 (2015)
Alternative version: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2014.08.033
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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