Proinflammatory effect of Pediococcus pentosaceus, a bacterium used as hay preservative

Authors: Duchaine, CarolineIsraël-Assayag, EvelyneFournier, MarcienCormier, Yvon
Abstract: Bacterial cultures, such as Pediococcus pentosaceus, are used to treat hay with the objective of preventing hay heating and moulding, and thus, the development of the microbial growth which causes farmer’s lung. The aim of this study was to investigate whether such bacterial cultures have the potential to induce a pulmonary inflammatory response. Mice were instilled 3 days·week-1 for 3 weeks with either saline or nonviable preparations of P. pentosaceus, Saccharopolyspora rectivirgula, Lactococcus lactis (control bacteria) or with the combinations of S. rectivirgula and P. pentosaceus. P. pentosaceus induced a significant inflammatory response in the lung which was similar to that produced by S. rectivirgula. L. lactis produced a response of a lower intensity. The total number of cells in bronchoalveolar lavage were: S. rectivirgula: 6.4×105 cells·mL-1; P. pentosaceus: 4.3×105 cells·mL-1; S. rectivirgula + P. pentosaceus: 5.4×105 cells·mL-1, L. lactis: 6.8×105 cells·mL-1 and saline group 3.7×104 cells·mL-1. The lung index was higher in S. rectivirgula + P. pentosaceus and P. pentosaceus groups than in S. rectivirgula, L. lactis and saline groups. The quantity of specific immunoglobulin G and A (IgG and IgA) to P. pentosaceus and L. lactis levels (in the blood and/or lavage fluid) were similar to those against S. rectivirgula. In mice, P. pentosaceus has the potential to induce a similar inflammatory response in the lung as S. rectivirgula, which is the most common antigen responsible for farmer’s lung disease in Quebec. Further studies are needed to verify whether farmers can develop farmer’s lung or other lung responses to this new potential antigen.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 1 December 1996
Open Access Date: Restricted access
Document version: VoR
This document was published in: European Respiratory Journal, Vol. 9 (12), 2508-2512 (1996)
European Respiratory Society
Alternative version: 10.1183/09031936.96.09122508
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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