Improvement of vertical GPS precision with a GPS-over-fiber architecture and real-time relative delay calibration

Authors: Macias-Valadez, DanielSanterre, RockLa Rochelle, Sophie; Landry, René Jr.
Abstract: A limitation of GPS positioning is that the vertical component is generally two to three times less precise than the horizontal components. In a previous work by R. Santerre of Laval University and G. Beutler of University of Bern, it was shown in simulations that it is possible to improve the GPS vertical positioning precision by using a multi-antenna GPS receiver and a precise calibration technique of the relative hardware delay between the antennas and the receiver. However, no actual implementation of the system was done to prove the concept until now. A new multi-antenna, GPS-over-fiber architecture with real-time delay monitoring, designed and implemented to improve the vertical precision is presented. The improvement in vertical precision arises from the elimination of the relative receiver clock error in single difference, between antennas, and the precision real-time calibration of the relative hardware delay. Experiments were conducted with a zero baseline and a short baseline configuration. The results show, as expected by the theory and the simulations, a two to three times improvement in the precision of the vertical component such that it reached the same level of performance as the horizontal components. These promising results will enable the use of this type of configuration in several applications where the same precision in all 3D components is essential and could not be achieved before with standard GPS positioning techniques.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 9 November 2011
Open Access Date: Restricted access
Document version: VoR
This document was published in: GPS Solutions, Vol. 16, 449–462 (2012)
John Wiley & Sons
Alternative version: 10.1007/s10291-011-0244-6
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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