Single GPS receiver time-relative positioning with loop misclosure corrections.

Authors: Balard, NicolasSanterre, RockCocard, MarcBourgon, Stéphanie
Abstract: Time-relative positioning makes use of observations taken at two different epochs and stations with a single global positioning system (GPS) receiver to determine the position of the unknown station with respect to the known station. The limitation of this method is the degradation over time of the positioning accuracy due to the temporal variation of GPS errors (ionospheric delay, satellite clock corrections, satellite ephemerides, and tropospheric delay). The impact of these errors is significantly reduced by adding to the one-way move from the known to the unknown station, a back move to the known station. A loop misclosure is computed from the coordinates obtained at the known station at the beginning and at the end of the loop, and is used to correct the coordinates of the unknown station. The field tests, presented in this paper, show that using the loop misclosure corrections, time-relative positioning accuracy can be improved by about 60% when using single frequency data, and by about 40% with dual frequency data. For a 4-min processing interval (an 8-min loop) and a 95% probability level, errors remain under 20 cm for the horizontal components and 36 cm for the vertical component with single frequency data; and under 11 cm for the horizontal components and 29 cm for the vertical component with dual frequency data.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 6 October 2005
Open Access Date: Restricted access
Document version: VoR
This document was published in: GPS Solutions, Vol. 10 (1), 56–62 (2006)
Alternative version: 10.1007/s10291-005-0008-2
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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